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Conization is necessary when the cervical screening (or commonly known as a smear test) results come back as abnormal. When this happens it’s important to surgically remove the abnormal area of the cervix to avoid the development of cervical cancer.
The conization can be both a diagnosis and a treatment: tumors, pre-cancerous conditions and inflammation can be diagnosed and also treated with conization
The surgery is done under general anesthesia. During the procedure you lay in the position well-known from gynecological examinations; the surgeon reaches your cervix through your vagina so there’s no unnecessary cuts on your abdomen.
From the cervix’s tissue your surgeon does a small excision with the help of a regular or electric scalpels. When it’s done with an electric one there’s no need for stiches and the recovery is faster. When it’s done with regular scalpels the surgeon uses absorbable stiches to stanch the bleeding.
The removed tissue is sent to the histopathology department to extensively examine the tissue under microscope to discover the underlying cause of the problems.
This surgery is usually the only step you need to take to prevent the localized tumors or inflammations.
After a short observation you can leave Medicover Hospital to recover in your own home.
Nonetheless, not performing the surgery carries much more risks than the surgery itself. The conditions causing abnormalities and symptoms can develop further, leading to life-threatening illnesses.