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Pulmonology is a medical field that deals with diseases of the airways and the lungs.
The need for discipline is indicated by the fact that 10% of the population of developed countries die due to some lung disease. Particular attention must be paid to COPD, which is the chronic obstructive airway disease, according to World Health Organization (WHO) data, is currently the fifth most common deaths.
Lung disease can be referred to inflammatory factors in the blood count (high ESR, high white blood cell count, high CRP).
Pulmonary therapy also involves the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory symptoms associated with reflux and the diagnosis of respiratory insufficiencies (e.g. sleep loss during breathing).
We should mention the systemic fungal infections affecting the lungs, viral bronchitis, bronchiectasis (irreversible expansion of bronchi).
A common diagnostic tool is the breathing test, spirometry, in which the patient breathes in and out through a bell-shaped device. The examination is suitable for examining the condition of the lung tissue, indicating whether there is any lung injury.
On the basis of the examination, the specialist sets the medication, prescribes the frequency of controls, the need for hospital care or surgery.
In case of asthma, for example, symptoms can not only be reduced, eliminated but can be prevented by medication (using preventative or maintenance or accelerator medicines).
In the case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the ultimate goal is to alleviate complaints, improve quality of life, stop and slow down the deterioration of lung function with medication and non-medication methods.