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Pulmonological outpatient care

Pulmonology is a medical field that deals with diseases of the airways and the lungs.

The need for discipline is indicated by the fact that 10% of the population of developed countries die due to some lung disease. Particular attention must be paid to COPD, which is the chronic obstructive airway disease, according to World Health Organization (WHO) data, is currently the fifth most common deaths.

Lung anatomy and functions
Lung anatomy and functions

What symptoms do we visit a pulmonologist?

  • difficult breathing
  • chest pain
  • night sweats and asphyxia
  • increased secretion
  • cough (productive or unproductive)

Lung disease can be referred to inflammatory factors in the blood count (high ESR, high white blood cell count, high CRP).

What diseases does pulmonology handle?

  • allergy
  • asthma
  • pulmonary fibrosis
  • pneumonia (acute or chronic inflammation of the lungs)
  • lung cancer (small cell and non-small cell lung cancer)
  • adenocarcinoma
  • large cell lung cancer
  • chronic respiratory inflammation (COPD)
  • interstitial lung disease
  • pulmonary embolism
  • tbc (lung disease)
Pulmonological examination

Pulmonary therapy also involves the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory symptoms associated with reflux and the diagnosis of respiratory insufficiencies (e.g. sleep loss during breathing).

We should mention the systemic fungal infections affecting the lungs, viral bronchitis, bronchiectasis (irreversible expansion of bronchi).

It is also worthwhile to visit the pulmonologist – besides a psychologist or psychiatrist – with stress, panic and fear or hyperventilation syndrome.

The process of general consultation of pulmonology

The pulmonologist, after having thoroughly investigated and taking a history, helps to excavate the cause of the problem through imaging procedures (CT, MRI, ultrasound, and X-ray).

To investigate allergic symptoms, the pulmonologist requires making a laboratory blood test or skin test (Prick test) performed by the dermatologist.

A common diagnostic tool is the breathing test, spirometry, in which the patient breathes in and out through a bell-shaped device. The examination is suitable for examining the condition of the lung tissue, indicating whether there is any lung injury.

What are the treatment options to diagnose the problems?

On the basis of the examination, the specialist sets the medication, prescribes the frequency of controls, the need for hospital care or surgery.

In case of asthma, for example, symptoms can not only be reduced, eliminated but can be prevented by medication (using preventative or maintenance or accelerator medicines).

In the case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the ultimate goal is to alleviate complaints, improve quality of life, stop and slow down the deterioration of lung function with medication and non-medication methods.