The aim of any type of bunion treatment is to restore the balance of the foot and to prevent or slow the progression of deformities. Once anatomical changes have taken place, they can only be reversed surgically. Conservative treatments can only be effective in the early stages.
The most important thing you can do to prevent the development of bunions or to stop them from worsening is to wear the right kind of shoes. They can ease your pain by putting less pressure on the inflamed area. If possible, wear low-heeled (no more than 2-3 cm or 1 inch) shoes with a deep toe box, made of flexible material. The sole should bend easily. Make sure that your toes don’t reach the tip of the shoe.
As a part of conservative therapy, it is recommended to do exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the arches of your feet. Pain and inflammation can be relievedby taking with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication.
Special medical equipment can also contribute to pain relief and better allignment of the joint. The use of toe splints at night and silicone protectors or separators during the day can temporarily correct the angle of the big toe and ease the pain.
Normal anatomical structure of the joint can only be restored surgically.