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The nasal cavity is divided in two by a thin, vertical wall called the nasal septum. It is composed of bone and cartilage, and supports the nose and directs airflow. There are three horizontal outgrowths on the sides of the nasal cavity, which are called nasal conchae or turbinates.
The nose is blocked when the nasal septum is deviated, e.g. when the cartilage or bone is not straight. Other reasons for a blocked nose include enlarged inferior nasal turbinates, hypertrophic pharyngeal tonsil (adenoid), nasal polyps, and tumors.
In case of a crooked septum with troublesome symptoms you may be a candidate for septoplasty.
A blocked nose can cause breathing difficulties, nose bleeding, recurring upper and lower airway infections (sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia), postnasal drip, middle ear disorders, headache and facial pain. The condition can also lead to “open mouth sleeping”, snoring and sleep apnea.
In case of chronic nasal obstruction you are advised to see our ENT surgeon for a consultation, and to get a diagnosis for the cause of your nasal symptoms.
Your ENT surgeon will use a nasal speculum and endoscope (a thin, lighted instrument) to look at your nasal cavity and check the shape of your septum, the size of the turbinates, and to look for any pathologic alterations (polyps, hypertrophic pharyngeal tonsil or tumor). The final diagnosis is based on the physical examination and on the result of nose and paranasal sinus CT. If there are symptoms of allergic rhinitis, an allergy test will also be done.
If your doctor diagnoses a nasal obstruction that is due to the deviated septum, you will be advised to undergo blocked nose surgery.
Septoplasty (blocked nose surgery) takes about 40-80 minutes depending on the degree and complexity of the deviated septum, and on any other potentially needed surgical intervention (mucotomy, FESS). We recommend to have this surgery performed under general anaesthesia.
During the operation the nasal septum will be straightened by removing, replacing and repositioning cartilage and/or bone. The final step of the operation is inserting soft nasal packing or silicone nasal splints in the nose to stabilize the septum as it recovers and stays inside for two days.
The benefit of the operation is that you get rid of the symptoms of having a deviated septum. You will also have less trouble with infections in the future, and above all, you will be able to breathe more easily.
Blocked nose surgery is a common and safe procedure, and side effects are rare. You will get patient information sheet and consent form for detailed information about septoplasty, risks of the operation, and perioperative tasks. By all means, you will discuss the possible risks of surgery before you make a treatment decision with your ENT surgeon.
Although it happens rarely, risks of septoplasty may include:
It is important to call your surgeon immediately in case of fever, permanent nasal bleeding, vomiting or serious headache.
There are certain risks associated with general anaesthesia, for which we will provide a separate information sheet and an informative consent form. The tests and examinations that you will have before your surgery will ensure that these risks are reduced to minimum.
Your ENT (ear, nose and throat) surgeon will advise surgery if it is necessary.
You will be asked to undergo some tests (nasal endoscopy, blood and allergy test, nose and paranasal sinus CT, ECG), and to see your anaesthesiologist and internist before your operation to ensure that your overall health condition is good enough to safely allow a blocked nose surgery under general anaesthesia.
All of our patients are asked to complete a detailed medical history form that is necessary for our surgeon and physicians so that they can decide if you are suitable for surgery.
You can expect to have mild to moderate pain during the first two postoperative days because of the nasal packing and it is well controlled with oral pain killers. After the nasal tampon removal you may only expect nasal stuffiness for 3-10 days. The day after the surgery swelling around the nose and also some numbness in the upper lip is normal.
You may be asked to use nasal oil/ointment and/or nasal irrigation sets after your surgery.
Please only take medications approved at our clinic and check with your ENT surgeon about any post-operative care you will need to perform to allow your nose to recover properly.
For 2-3 weeks after surgery you will be advised to avoid intensive physical activities that may lead to nasal bleeding.
The first check-up is due after a week, when a nasal cleaning treatment is needed to prevent nasal infections and formation of adhesions. The second control is usually due whitin 6 weeks.